Be sure before sharing: Is the pneumonia in China really a side effect of the COVID-19 vaccine?

Article translated and edited by: Adisorn Suksomatthu

Reviewed and proofread by: Khomsthanon Sukajjasakul

Shared information:

There is disinformation circulating on X in the United States. It claims that the outbreak of pneumonia in the People's Republic of China since the end of November 2023 was caused by the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. Because there are reports that One of the adverse reactions to the vaccine is Pneumonia Mycoplasma, or pneumonia caused by infection with microplasma bacteria.

Conclusion :

Pneumonia Mycoplasma is one of the adverse reactions that require special monitoring at Pfizer-BioNTech. Listed in adverse reaction reports from COVID-19 vaccines.

However, adverse reactions need to be especially monitored. It is intended for medical personnel to monitor for post-vaccination symptoms. But these are not side effects from the COVID-19 vaccine.

Pneumonia outbreak in China It is caused by germs found in nature. One of them, the microplasma bacterium Mycoplasma Pneumoniae, is not caused by the COVID-19 vaccine.

FACT CHECK : Check the facts :

However, an investigation by Fact Checker abroad confirmed that This claim comes from a confusing understanding of adverse reactions and side effects of drugs and vaccines.

Claimed information Taken from the report Cumulative Analysis of Post-authorization Adverse Event Reports or reports of adverse reactions from the COVID-19 vaccine that Pfizer published on X in April 2021 and has compiled a list of Adverse Events of Special Interest or adverse reactions. There are thousands of adverse reactions that require special monitoring. On page 36, Pneumonia Mycoplasma, or pneumonia caused by infection with microplasma bacteria, is listed on the list of adverse reactions that require special monitoring.

Difference Between Adverse Reactions and Side Effects

Side effects are illnesses that occur after vaccination that were found in subjects during clinical trials, such as fever, headache, or pain at the injection site.

Adverse events are illnesses that occur after vaccination that were not observed in subjects during clinical trials. But it was discovered after the vaccine was approved. Adverse reactions to the COVID-19 vaccine There are shock symptoms due to allergic reactions to compounds in the vaccine. Thrombosis symptoms and muscle and pericarditis.

Adverse events that require special monitoring, or Adverse Events of Special Interest, are a list of symptoms that pharmaceutical manufacturers recommend that medical personnel be on the lookout for, whether these symptoms may occur in vaccinated people or not. This does not mean that this is a symptom that occurs in all vaccine recipients. It is considered one of the ways to monitor drug safety. (Pharmacovigilance) after drugs and vaccines have been approved for use by the public.

Therefore, the identification of Pneumonia Mycoplasma or pneumonia caused by infection with microplasma bacteria. It is on the list of adverse reactions that require special monitoring. From the COVID-19 vaccine from Pfizer-BioNTech. That doesn't mean Pneumonia is a side effect or adverse reaction to any vaccine.

COVID-19 ? Pneumonia Mycoplasma

The World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed that the outbreak of bacterial pneumonia is not related to the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Drug Safety Surveillance System and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have also found no association between mRNA vaccines and pneumonia.

Source: Thai News Agency

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